Twitch - www.twitch.tv
Founded in June 2011, Twitch is the world's leading social video platform and community for gamers, video game cultures and creative arts. Originally a spin-off of the general-interest streaming platform Justin.tv that primarily focused on gaming, Twitch has out grown its predecessor to become "the forefront of live gaming" with 9.7 million daily active users, over 2 million unique viewers per month, and about 106 minutes watched per person per day.
Twitch is famous as it is because of a number of reasons. First one is that people actually enjoy watching others who are extremely skilled and entertaining share the same interest in gaming as they are. Twitch can also be a means for people to evaluate and decide whether to purchase a game through watching its playthrough. Finally, it is more than a spectator experience, Twitch enables streamers and their audience to interact in real time about everything from gaming to daily life in general.
Twitch was acquired by Amazon.com for $US 970 million and has been operating as its subsidiary ever since.
1. Create a Twitch account
- Go to https://www.twitch.tv/
- Click on Sign Up in the top right. A sign-up window will pop up.
- You will only need to provide your date of birth and email to sign up. Choose a Username and Password.
- Click Sign Up and you are done.
For more details on the steps, go to out Twitch Sign up page.
2. Sign into Twitch
- Go to https://www.twitch.tv/
- Click Log In in the top right. A window will pop up.
- Type your Username and Password.
- Click Log In when you're done.
Click here for more information.
Twitch is designed to be a platform for video game-related streaming, including e-sports tournaments, personal streams of individual players and game-related talk shows. There are streams of games from all platform, from PC, console to mobile games. Twitch has also made expansion into non-gaming content. On January 2015, Twitch officially introduced a category for music streams, such as radio shows or music production activities.
On October 28, 2015, Twitch launched its second non-gaming category, Creative, which is dedicated to streams showcasing the creation processes of artistic and creative works. To promote the launch, the service streamed an eight-day non-stop marathon of Bob Ross' The Joy of Painting.
This is an example of a Twitch stream or Channel. On the left is the navigation bar, on the right is the chat and in the middle is Twitch video player, where all the actions take place.
Twitch chat is an important part of the Twitch social experience. Every channel has a chat window to the right of the channel. It allows Twitch fellow viewers to interact with each other as well as with the streamer (broadcaster). To participate in Twitch chat, you must be logged in. Essentially, excluding the participants, there are three elements in a Twitch chat.
- The messages
- Chat field
- Chat mode
The chat field is where users type in messages for the rest of the room to see. Different rules called chat modes can be enforced to reduce the chaos in a crowded Twitch chat. The broadcasters and their moderators can implement these modes by inputting commands directly into the chat field. The common chat modes are: slow mode, subscriber-only mode, emotes-only mode... The chat can be in one or a combination of modes at a time.
Participants of a chat typically consist of the broadcaster, the viewers, the moderators. The broadcaster can choose to communicate with his/her audience through the chat or talking to them directly on the stream, and usually it's the latter. A broadcaster may have one or a team of moderators who, most of the time, are the ones that moderate and control the chat (as the broadcasters have to concentrate on the games). Twitch has a Chat badges system to label broadcasters, moderators and other types of participant in the chat for easy identification. These badges are visible next to their names; normal viewers don't have a badge. Here is the list of common badges.
|Twitch Staff:||The people who work for Twitch|
|Broadcasters:||The owner of the channel you are visiting|
|Moderators:||The moderators of the chat you are currently visiting, they are users selected by the Broadcasters|
|Turbo User:||A paid user of Twitch's monthly premium user service|
Twitch emoticons or simply known as emotes are a wide range of icons that viewers can used in their chat messages. There are different types of emotes in correspondance with their accessibilities to different type of users. Global emotes are available to everyone, channel emotes are custom emotes that only available to subscribers of that channel, and turbo emotes can only be used by turbo users. To access these emotes, users can either type the emote code (the way most users use emotes) or click the smiley face in the right side of the chat box to access all the emotes and choose which to share by clicking it directly. Of course, the global emotes are the ones that are used the most, and they have become an integral part of Twitch culture - some even elevated to legendary status.
Global emotes are also called Face emotes, they depict the faces of many Twitch Staff members, admins and popular e-sports personalities.
D. Twitch Partner Program
In July 2011, Twitch launched its Partner Program, which allows popular content producers to share in the advertisement revenue generated from their streams. Additionally, Twitch users can subscribe to partnered streamers for US$4.99 a month. Twitch retains US$2.50 of every channel subscription, with the remaining goes directly to the partnered streamer. Channel subscribers are granted access to unique emotes, chat privileges and various other perks. As of 2015, there are 11,000 partnered streamers.
E. Platform support
Twitch is available as a mobile app on Android and iOS devices. It offers all the key features from Twitch.tv including viewing streams as well as in-app chatting feature. Twitch also supports streaming from consoles with Xbox 360, Xbox One, PlayStation 4 and Ouya already having dedicated software. CEO Emmett Shear has stated a desire to support "every platform where people watch videos".